Traditionally, agriculture relied upon manpower and animal labour with huge time and manpower requirement right from sowing the seeds, tending to crops till harvesting. With the introduction of mechanisation to agriculture, more tasks are being completed with less time and about investment along with achieving ginger efficiency and better and more quality production. Sustainable agricultural mechanisation can also contribute significantly to the development of value chains and food systems as it has the potential to render post harvest processing and marketing activities and functions are more effective, efficient and environment friendly.
Sustainable mechanisation can:
- increase farm production by facilitating timeliness and quality of cultivation.
- support opportunities that relive the burden of labour shortages and enable households to with stand shocks better.
- decrease the environmental foot prints of agriculture when combined with adequate conservation directed agricultural practices.
- reduce poverty and achieve food security while improving people’s livelihood.
- helps in the conversion of uncultivable land to agricultural land through tilling and in shifting land use for feed and fodder cultivation.
- helps in encouraging the youth to join farming and also attracts more people to work and live in rural areas.
The Government of India has launched Sub Mission of Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM) in the year 2014-15 with below mentioned objectives:
- Increasing the reach farm mechanisation to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low.
- Promoting ‘Custom Hiring Centers’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small land holdings and high cost of individual ownership.
- Creating hubs for hi-tech and high value farm equipments.
- Creating awareness among stakeholders though demonstration and capacity building activities.
UDAAN’s objective is to work closely with the government to implement the farm mechanisation policies and programmes in such a way that not only it will mechanise the farms but increase the employment opportunities for youth also. We are working on creating a ‘Farm Skool’ to train the youth to operate and maintain the farm equipments.